Q: What is the "trust/partnership relationship" concept as
utilized in managing the land-grant program in Micronesia?
A: It is the name given to the unique and special relationship between the
College of Micronesia (COM) and each of the three colleges in Micronesia (PCC,
CMI, and COM-FSM) as spelled out in an MOU between COM and each college.
The "trust/partnership" relationship agreement thru a Memorandum
of Understanding (MOU) enables COM to delegate its some of its roles and
responsibility in land-grant program administration to the local colleges
based on trust and in the spirit of partnership and cooperation.
The MOU spells out various administrative issues dealing with personnel,
funding, budgets, reports, etc. (If you want to see a copy of the MOU, let the
college president know.)
Under the relationship, COM has been and will continue to be down-sized, on
one hand, and on the other hand, the land-grant programs at each campus are
Each college is responsible to develop programs and implement them. It is
responsible to hire and evaluate staff. It is responsible to expend and
obligate land-grant funds that are allocated to each college. It is a
custodian of land-grant properties at each nation. However, the ultimate
responsibility in the overall handling of the land-grant funding the programs
in Micronesia remains with the COM.
What is the COM "land-grant status" and what is the
situation with the College of Micronesia post-Trust Territory
Land-grant was first established by the US Congress in 1862. The US federal
government provided federal land for each US state to sell and use proceeds to
establish a college teaching agriculture, mechanical arts, home economics,
etc. In the US, there are land-grant colleges in all the states including
College of Micronesia was designated as a land-grant college in early 1980â€™s
along with American Samoa Community College.
When the three nations became independent and the Trust Territory
government closed down, COMâ€™s land-grant status was continued by virtue of a
language in the three Compacts (for FSM, RMI, and ROP) providing for the
continuation of the COM land-grant status.
COMâ€™s land-grant status can only be changed by an Act of the US Congress.
The renegotiated Compacts for the FSM and RMI included the provisions which
continued the COM "land-grant status" in these two nations.
The COM land-grant status is authorized in the Palau's Compact until 2009
What type of programs are available thru the land-grant status?
There are three categories of programs:
1. Extension Programs: These are usually short-term training
programs on various subject matters: nutrition, youth development, community
resources, environment, food production, food preparation/quality/safety,
2. Research programs: These are research on various subjects
related to food production, family, basic sciences, etc.
3. Instruction programs: These are the formal teaching which are
carried out in classrooms leading to degrees in agriculture, family and
consumer sciences, etc.
What about the funding for these programs:
Funding is appropriated by the US Congress every year to support land-grant
programs. The main sources of the federal funds are:
1. "Smith-Lever Act" funds are to support extension
2. "Hatch Act" funds are to support research programs;
3. "Endowment fund" is to support instruction as well as
extension and research programs.
What was COM's allocation of Smith-Lever funds in fy04?
College of Micronesiaâ€™s fy04 share based on a formula established by the
US Department of Agriculture (USDA) was: $915,411;
The funding is divided among: CES Directorâ€™s Office, the Extension sites in Palau, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Marshall Islands
for operation and special projects.
Q: What additional funds are available under Smith-Lever Act?
A: Additional funding are provide for:
Extended Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP)
Integrated Pest Management
Q. How much was COMâ€™s Hatch funds allocation in fy04?
Hatch funding is divided among: AES Directorâ€™s office
and the three Agricultural Experiment Stations each at PCC,
COM-FSM and CMI. Hatch funding has been essentially the same for several
years and actually be decreased some in recent years.
If you have other questions youâ€™d like include in this Q & A webpage, let
us know by sending an email to email@example.com . As this is still under construction and still being
populated, we hope you'll excuse any errors or mistakes that you may find. Thank you.