Currently, Micronesia Land Grant Programs are
offered throughout Micronesia (Palau, Marshall Islands, and the FSM states
of Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae) by and thru the three national local colleges
namely, Palau Community College, College of the Marshall Islands, and
College of Micronesia-FSM in partnership with the College of Micronesia.
The US Congress in 1980 designated
College of Micronesia as the land-grant college for the (former) Trust
Territory of the Pacific Islands. The COM land-grant status was
subsequently extended by each of the Compact
of Free Association agreement between the three Micronesian nations and the
Three categories of programs are
offered: 1) Extension; 2) Research; and 3) Residential Instruction/Education.
The Extension Programs are offerend in six sites: Koror, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Majuro.
The Research Program has three
Agricultural Experiment Stations affiliated with each of the three
Micronesian colleges at PCC, CMI and COM-FSM which has substations in
Kosrae, Pohnpei and Yap.
The Residential Instruction program is offered as part of the regular instructional programs
at each of the three colleges.
Funding for the land-grant programs are
provided by the federal government as
1. Hatch Act appropriation for Research programs;
2. Smith-Lever Act
appropriation for Extension programs;
3. Endowment Fund which provides income to support instruction and related programs;
Rules and Regulations governing
land-grant programs are issued by the US Department of Agriculture. USDA
requires that programs to be funded with these federal funds must be
approved as part of the USDA-approved Plan of Work (POW) in the case of Extension; and
Program of Research in the case of Agricultural Experiment Station
College of Micronesia provides oversight
of the Micronesia land-grant program. COM is governed by a
Board of Regents representing the three respective COM Treaty signatory
nations. COM's Central Office is located in Kolonia, Pohnpei,
Besides the annual appropriation for
Hatch and Smith-Lever funds, COM was granted a $3 million endowment fund
in 1985. The fund is presently managed by professional money
managers and currently has a market value of around $5 million dollars.
Since 1985, about 75 to 85% of the annual income has been drawn and
provided to support instructional programs as well as the extension and
Being a land-grant college, COM is part
of the land-grant network of institutions throughout the mainland US and
its affiliated insular areas. Through this network, COM has access to
scientists, educators, extension agents and other professional people in
the various fields and expertise.
COM is also a member of the ADAP
(Agriculture Development in the American Pacific) along with the other
insular land-grant institutions: University of Hawaii, University of Guam,
American Samoa Community College and the Northern Marianas College.